There are some scenarios when the dreaded planning permissions are not required. Permitted development rights are a national grant of planning permission which allow certain building works and changes of use to be carried out without having to make a planning application. Permitted development rights are subject to conditions and limitations to control impacts and to protect local amenity.
There is a range of exclusions which apply to permitted development rights in England. For instance, there are protected areas known as article 2(3) land, which cover:
- conservation areas
- Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
- National Parks
- the Broads
- World Heritage Sites
There are other land areas known as article 2(4) land. Article 2(4) land covers land within a National Park, the Broads or certain land outside the boundaries of a National Park. Permitted development rights are subject to national conditions and limitations (for example limits on height, size or location etc). Some permitted development rights are also in place for a limited period of time; these are set out in the relevant Parts in Schedule 2 to the General Permitted Development Order.